There is a lot of misinformation going around about what the impact of a Short Sale is on your credit and whether you can get a new mortgage after short selling a home. Below are the current Guidelines for FHA, and Fannie Mae.
FHA has recently changed their rule so that if a short sale occurred and all of the borrowers payments were made on time (no late payments) then they may be eligible for a new mortgage as long as the short sale was due to extenuating circumstances and not to simply take advantage of market conditions (see below). As you can imagine, this may be difficult to demonstrate. Otherwise, if any payments were made late or you cannot demonstrate extenuating circumstances, then it is a 3 year period before new FHA financing can be considered.
Fannie Mae policy is pretty straight forward – It is a minimum of 2 years to re-establish credit after a short sale.
It is very difficult to predict how a short sale will affect an individual’s credit score because there are so many different factors involved; How good was the credit to begin with? How many house payments were made late? Did they pay all of their other bills on time? Etc, The short sale will most likely be reported as a settled account paid for less than the amount owed and will have a dramatic impact on credit score even under the best of circumstances.
Here is the excerpt straight from FHA:
Borrowers are not eligible for a new FHA- insured mortgage if they pursued a short sale agreement on his or her principal residence simply to
•take advantage of declining market conditions, and
• purchase at a reduced price a similar or superior property within a reasonable commuting distance.
Reference: For detailed information on converting existing principal residences into rental properties, see 4155.1 4.E.4.g
Borrowers Current at the time of Short Sale
Borrowers are considered eligible for a new FHA-insured mortgage if, from the date of loan application for the new mortgage
•All mortgage payments due on the prior mortgage were made within the month due for the 12 month period preceding the short sale, and
• All installment debt payments for the same time period were also made within the month due.
Borrowers in Default at the time of Short Sale
Borrowers in default on their mortgage at the time of the short sale (or pre-foreclosure sale) are not eligible for a new FHA-insured mortgage for three years from the date of the pre-foreclosure sale.
Note: Borrowers who sold their property under FHA’s pre-foreclosure sale program are not eligible for a new FHA-insured mortgage from the date that FHA paid the claim associated with the pre-foreclosure sale.
This is Fannie Mae’s Guideline:Preforeclosure Sale
A two-year period is required to re-establish credit, measured from the completion date.